DNA, Intelligence and Evolution

There is an urgent need for a revolution in biological thinking; especially bio-evolutionary thought which is central to the philosophy of modern scientific biology. A revolution which must recognize that intelligence is natural both to our biotic and abiotic physical environment and that intelligent humans are legitimate spawns of an intelligent abiotic physical world-matrix.

Biological thinkers are the most naive of scientific thinkers and philosophers. In spite of recent advances in information technology, biological scientists are yet to appreciate that the age-old notion of intelligence as something “supernatural” or “spiritual” has been dispelled, once and for all, in science and technology of artificial intelligence programming and systems design. At the present status of knowledge and insight, the notion of intelligence in nature is no more a subject for metaphysical studies but one which can be studied “objectively” in the laboratory(or wherever the scientist chooses). The traditional knee-jerk response to any reference to intelligence in the problem of origin of life is a woefully outmoded one which, it would appear, biologists are the most committed of physical scientists. One suspects that the need to hold grounds against religious “creationists” and not yield an inch to them in the age-old conflict of religion and science is the reason why the obvious insights afforded by computer and software engineering is not being fully exploited to the advantage of the biological sciences, especially the field of molecular genetics.

The concept of intelligent design in evolution of species has been brought within the boundaries of what science can fruitfully investigate. Pre-scientific cultures needed God or nature spirits to explain intelligent design, but modern science can begin investigating the concept in the possibility that the structure of DNA might have some form of intelligence code programmed into it. How the program was written, or by whom, is the subject for another level of investigation, but the fear of the consequences of yielding ground to ignorantly gloating creationist philistines is not enough reason to turn a blind eye to the glaring evidence that we live in a world ruled over by intelligence. It is interesting that physicists have been in the forefront of revolutionary thinking, which begins to investigate wholly in the terms of the language of science, how we can begin re-conceptualizing our world in the terms of knowledge and insight we have acquired from our foray into information and computer science technology.

Computer scientists beginning with Alan Turing have demystified the concept of intelligence. The order of physical systems can be symbolically reproduced and symbols manipulated by operations of logic to suggest alternative orders. That is what DNA has been doing in the eons of biological evolution; that is the essence of creative intelligent activity. The logic of re-conceptualization of DNA function in terms of syntax-driven intelligence processes is unassailable. It is only a matter of time before we begin unraveling the secrets of that inscrutable-faced intelligent robotic molecule, DNA. The earlier we live behind the prejudices accumulated from a history of conflict between religion and science, the better for us all.

A well known evolutionist recently demonstrated the power of prejudice in the matter of recognition of the special status of intelligence in nature by his contribution to a debate over the possibility of intelligent life in outer space. He tried to ridicule those who believe that if intelligent life could arise on the earth then it must have arisen in several other parts of the universe by drawing a spoofing analogy in the argument that if elephant trunks have evolved on earth then it must also have evolved elsewhere in the universe. His argument arises from the misconception that intelligence is just another thing in nature like elephant trunks. He couldn’t have been more mistaken. His analogy was like trying to compare the fundamental element hydrogen to chocolates in the grand cosmic order of things!

So innately fundamental and ubiquitous is intelligence in the biotic and abiotic environment that we tend to take its manifestations for granted like fish might be justified in taking water for granted and failing to be impressed by its manifestations. The difference between symbol creating and information communicating functions of the human mind in human culture, and the DNA powered culture of biology is only superficial. We are dealing with two manifestations of the same principle in nature. The naivete of biological scientists who entertain the notion that the complex behavioral skills of biological systems are mere products of chance and accident is remarkable. Ant brains do calculus; cells do arithmetic, implement logic operations, information storage and retrieval. Birds navigate by observing the stellar constellations. Bees manage the engineering complexities of solar navigation. One could go on endlessly. We are like fish in water. We are so used to seeing the evidence of intelligent design around us, that we have grown blind in “scientific objectivity” to its implications to any theory of “origin of species” we may dare dream up.

Science and Technology – Making Cosmetics Safer

Contrary to popular speculation, the use of cosmetics is not a modern phenomenon. Although we cannot state for a fact when our human obsession with beauty started the fact remains that it has been around for a very long time. That said; the first archaeological evidence of cosmetic usage was actually recorded in Egypt way back around 3500 BC. This proves that cosmetics have been around for thousands of years. It is said that the ancient Egyptian women actually used Kohl to darken their eyelids.

With more people caring about their appearance today, it is no wonder that perfumes, cosmetics and skin care products constitute a multimillion dollar industry that confuses customers with a wide choice of products to choose from. Unlike in the past where the absence of regulation concerning the production of beauty products led to extreme side effects such as deformities and even death, today there are governing bodies which set the guidelines for the manufacture of cosmetic products. One governing regulation that these bodies have is that companies that manufacture or sell cosmetics are liable for any side effects that may arise as a result of use of that product.

In order to prevent any liability cases, cosmetic companies have dug deeper into science to save their businesses. With the help of technology they have been able to make cosmetics safer by adding special ingredients into their products to make it more skin friendly. Here are a few examples:

Emulsifiers- Simply put, emulsifiers are small droplets of oil that are dispersed in water or small droplets of water that are dispersed in oil. Either way, the droplets that are dispersed are meant to alter the surface tension of the water and oil phases thus preventing separation. The result is usually a homogenous product that not only produces an even skin texture but is also safer to use. The emulsifiers also act by reducing trans-epidermal water loss that sometimes causes itchiness. Allergic reactions to some oils in cosmetics have also been reduced by the use of emulsifiers.

Preservatives- The addition of preservatives to make up was solely meant to prevent the growth of microorganisms. Preservatives such as benzyl alcohol have been known to kill bacteria and fungi that degrade cosmetics which eventually harm the user. The removal of mercury based preservatives e.g. thimerosal has also been carried out after it was proven to be highly toxic to the nervous and immune system.

PH stabilizers – The introduction of PH stabilizers was meant to curb unintended side effects such as skin allergies which caused a rash where the product was applied. The work of these stabilizers is to prevent any excessive acidity or alkalinity for that matter. Their creation was based on the fact that most cosmetic ingredients were barely water soluble and hence special solvents had to be developed to bring such ingredients to solution when the need arose.

What is important to remember here is that while science is reducing the harmful effects of beauty products, it is definitely wise to keep in mind that chemical combinations have become very complex and that gaining a deeper understanding of the ingredients used will prove to be very helpful in the long run especially where your skin is concerned.

Technological Innovation As a Distinctive Feature Not Just in Document Management

How could a company discern itself from its competing firms? By developing its support services and creating reduced prices. Obviously, presently, both options need advancement in Information Technology and Communication (ITC) systems which are challenging for that competition to copy.

The obstacle includes aligning the financial commitment on the ITCs with business goals, although the concern is that companies won’t often tend to be clear when defining their guidelines. Lots of Agencies don’t possess a unique corporate system. Therefore Information and Communication Technologies are requested to be aligned with something that doesn’t exist.

When those distinct features of the business are unearthed, it is possible to establish the primary corporate goals that set up the distinguishing feature. At this moment this is doable to establish how the ITCs can get involved in this strategy and increase the significance of expenditure.

Thus it is essential to define a corporate methodology to scale it towards the Information and Communication Technologies. The long-term way-out is to align the company in one goal. In every day lifetime, the ITCs department should give emphasis towards most powerful strategy and so on.

Change of trend

Typically, small agencies prefer to delay until methods are consolidated prior to using them. But, this phenomenon is being enquired in the supposition that industry is experiencing a transformation on a technical basis. The positioning of the agencies about the use of modern technologies is also transforming when these advantages are clear or deliver competitive advantages. Consequently, some businesses choose to be a reference pertaining to the adoption of Information and Communication Technologies within its arena.

Numerous western nations are strongly dedicated to innovation or at the least hold their-own investment- also during times of uncertainty; but Spain hasn’t adopted this style at all. The research named The Spanish Science, Technology and Innovation System 2013 Indicators -conducted by the Spanish Observatory R&D&I (ICON) of Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology (FECYT)- shows the normal of the sources directed at R&D by the European Union in those countries of OECD during the period 2000-2011 that was 10.7%. Germany and France with 13.3%; United Kingdom with 11.3% was above the usual, in comparison to 9.3% of Spain, which reduces the average of the EU.

Following the situation of Spain, the Innovation Survey inside the Agencies shows the details of the statistics on Activities in R&D within the year 2011. Internal expenditure on Research and development lowered 2.8%; the expenditure on Technological Innovation also lowered 8.8% in 2011, compared to 2010.

Numerous small economical enhancements that point to a sluggish macroeconomic change and inertia towards expenditure have appeared in Spain. Yet this progress is dependent upon the cost management tradition and on the initiatives to supply an added value towards the business. Thus a better atmosphere of trust will be produced and this is when the inclusion of strategic investments from the Information and Communication Technologies will be capable to revitalize the domestic industry.

Revolutionary technology also in document management solutions

Agencies get to boost their functionality, reduce costs and enhance their operating performance, along with their diligence. As a result, the capability to lower total expenses whilst maintaining the same level of service is necessary for any computer software or specifically for a document management option. The biggest technologies that might affect these objectives are:

* Visualization: supplies rewards that go besides cost reduction; for example, a more effective and transparent management of the business documents.

* Communications: because of the mass usage of mobility and web techniques, the employees need better interaction tools not only to increase their particular production but in addition to improve Social Business. This is in this field that flexibility of a document management system gives access to relevant documents with the acceptable format.

* Storage and servers: The huge data growth is forcing companies to go on buying storage remedies. A superb document management system exhibits strength when permitting efficient storage and flexible search of information and documentation.

* Applications and software package: although the elements that inspire the adoption of ITC choices will vary within the distinctive sectors, there is certainly a strong demand for vertical solutions which evaluate the small business needs. A document management solution adapted to the needs of every sector facilitates its inclusion and adoption by customers.

For an enterprise to survive and are strong opposite to its rivals in the recent market; it has to remember that it’s essential to be immersed in a constant development process where innovation goes hand in hand on the ITCs financial commitment.